4 BODY PARAGRAPHS:
|1 – Language (Metaphor)||Shakespeare uses metaphors to convey his idea that Romeo is being controlled by a higher power such as God. ‘He that hath steerage of my course, direct my sail’. Romeo refers to himself as a vessel. By the use of the capital ‘H’, we know that the ‘He’ was referring to God. Romeo is saying that he is willing to ask for his life to be guided. Romeo has decided, in spite of his doubt, to take the risk of following his fate. Later in the play in act 5, scene 3, he continues the metaphor by saying ‘Thou desperate pilot, now at once run on, the dashing rocks thy seasick, weary bark’. By saying this, he is indicating that God has failed him, and his life turned bad. Quickly after saying this, he kills himself.
Another example of ‘It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night, like a rich jewel in an Ethiope’s ear’ – Romeo – When he says ‘It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night’, he personifies her beauty as a gem hanging on the cheek of night. When he says ‘like a rich jewel in an Ethiope’s ear’ Romeo continues the metaphor of the gem, stating that Juliet is fit to decorate the ear of an African queen.
|2 – Dramatic Technique (Dramatic Irony)||In Act 2, Scene 2, there is dramatic irony when Juliet speaks of Romeo not knowing he was there, yet the audience can see him.. ‘O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy father and refuse thy name! Or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love, and I’ll no longer be a Capulet.’
|3 – Refers to God and Fate|
|4 – Meter (Iambic pentameter)|
|5 – Plot (Timing and Coincidence)||The idea of fate in Romeo and Juliet is conveyed by Shakespeare though a series of events, happening by coincidence. Around the time between 1558 – 1603, humanity perceived fate as the will of god. Because of this, when coincidences happened, they thought of it as God’s intentions. An example of fate in the play is when Capulet’s servant is out in the streets, carrying an invitation to the Capulet’s party and comes across Romeo and Mercutio. Romeo reads the invite aloud to the servant, as he cannot read. The servant says ‘If you be not of the house of Montague’s, I pray come and crush a cup of wine’. Another example of coincidences in Romeo and Juliet is when Romeo has just killed himself and Friar Lawrence enters the graveyard. ‘Saint Francis be my speed! How oft tonight, have my old feet stumbled at graves!’ At this point in the play, Romeo thinks Juliet is dead so he killed himself next to her. If Friar Lawrence had entered earlier, he could’ve stopped Romeo but as he entered a second too late as he kept tripping on all the gravestones that may have been there because he isn’t meant to have reached Romeo in time.
|6 – Prologue|